Total Coin Supply: 0
Total Coins Mined: 96750300.9678
Net Hashes Per Second: 137947724149489.8
CryptoCompare: ETH 2249230, FR: 44410, P: 21585, L: 59928
Twitter: @ethereumproject 297225, FR: 275159, FN: 0, L: 4413, TW: 1890, FV: 2242
Reddit: ethereum 267656, SS: 243463, AU: 6949, PpD: 51.90, PpH: 2.16, CpD: 1673.45, CpH: 69.73
Facebook: ethereumproject 153174, TA: 3488, L: 118294
Ethereum is a decentralized platform that runs smart contracts: applications that run exactly as programmed without any possibility of downtime, censorship, fraud or third party interference. In the Ethereum protocol and blockchain there is a price for each operation. The general idea is, in order to have things transferred or executed by the network, you have to consume or burn Gas. The cryptocurrency is called Ether and is used to pay for computation time and for transaction fees.
If you want to earn block rewards from the network, you can join the network as a miner. Follow the link for a guide on how to mine Ethereum on a Windows Pc. The much easier but a bit more expensive way is to buy an Ethereum mining contract.
Ethereum is how the Internet was supposed to work. As long as you have enough funds to pay for your code to be run by the network, your contacts will always be up and running.
It was crowdfunded during August 2014 by fans all around the world. It is developed and maintained by ETHDEV with contributions from great minds across the globe. There is also an Ethereum foundation and there are multiple startups working with the Ethereum blockchain.
Ethereum is currently on the "Homestead" stage and all its related software is still considered Beta until the release of the next stage "Metropolis".
If you are looking for a GUI interface for your wallet, try the Ethereum Wallet DApp. It's still in beta so be careful when you use it.
Our block explorer data bellow is freely provided by etherchain.org and etherscan.io.
Ethereum is a platform that is intended to allow people to easily write decentralized applications (Đapps) using blockchain technology. A decentralized application is an application which serves some specific purpose to its users, but which has the important property that the application itself does not depend on any specific party existing. Rather than serving as a front-end for selling or providing a specific party's services, a Đapp is a tool for people and organizations on different sides of an interaction use to come together without any centralized intermediary.
Contracts generally serve four purposes:
- Maintain a data store representing something which is useful to either other contracts or to the outside world; one example of this is a contract that simulates a currency, and another is a contract that records membership in a particular organization.
- Serve as a sort of externally owned account with a more complicated access policy; this is called a "forwarding contract" and typically involves simply resending incoming messages to some desired destination only if certain conditions are met; for example, one can have a forwarding contract that waits until two out of a given three private keys have confirmed a particular message before resending it (ie. multisig). More complex forwarding contracts have different conditions based on the nature of the message sent; the simplest use case for this functionality is a withdrawal limit that is overrideable via some more complicated access procedure.
- Manage an ongoing contract or relationship between multiple users. Examples of this include a financial contract, an escrow with some particular set of mediators, or some kind of insurance. One can also have an open contract that one party leaves open for any other party to engage with at any time; one example of this is a contract that automatically pays a bounty to whoever submits a valid solution to some mathematical problem, or proves that it is providing some computational resource.
- Provide functions to other contracts; essentially serving as a software library.
Contracts interact with each other through an activity that is alternately called either "calling" or "sending messages". A "message" is an object containing some quantity of ether (a special internal currency used in Ethereum with the primary purpose of paying transaction fees), a byte-array of data of any size, the addresses of a sender and a recipient. When a contract receives a message it has the option of returning some data, which the original sender of the message can then immediately use. In this way, sending a message is exactly like calling a function.
Sandwich complexity model: the bottom level architecture of Ethereum should be as simple as possible, and the interfaces to Ethereum (including high level programming languages for developers and the user interface for users) should be as easy to understand as possible. Where complexity is inevitable, it should be pushed into the "middle layers" of the protocol, that are not part of the core consensus but are also not seen by end users - high-level-language compilers, argument serialization and deserialization scripts, storage data structure models, the leveldb storage interface and the wire protocol, etc. However, this preference is not absolute.
Freedom: users should not be restricted in what they use the Ethereum protocol for, and we should not attempt to preferentially favor or disfavor certain kinds of Ethereum contracts or transactions based on the nature of their purpose. This is similar to the guiding principle behind the concept of "net neutrality". One example of this principle not being followed is the situation in the Bitcoin transaction protocol where use of the blockchain for "off-label" purposes (eg. data storage, meta-protocols) is discouraged, and in some cases explicit quasi-protocol changes (eg. OP_RETURN restriction to 40 bytes) are made to attempt to attack applications using the blockchain in "unauthorized" ways. In Ethereum, we instead strongly favor the approach of setting up transaction fees in such a way as to be roughly incentive-compatible, such that users that use the blockchain in bloat-producing ways internalize the cost of their activities (ie. Pigovian taxation).
Generalization: protocol features and opcodes in Ethereum should embody maximally low-level concepts, so that they can be combined in arbitrary ways including ways that may not seem useful today but which may become useful later, and so that a bundle of low-level concepts can be made more efficient by stripping out some of its functionality when it is not necessary. An example of this principle being followed is our choice of a LOG opcode as a way of feeding information to (particularly light client) dapps, as opposed to simply logging all transactions and messages as was internally suggested earlier - the concept of "message" is really the agglomeration of multiple concepts, including "function call" and "event interesting to outside watchers", and it is worth separating the two.
Have No Features: as a corollary to generalization, the dev team often refuses to build in even very common high-level use cases as intrinsic parts of the protocol, with the understanding that if people really want to do it they can always create a sub-protocol (eg. ether-backed subcurrency, bitcoin/litecoin/dogecoin sidechain, etc) inside of a contract. An example of this is the lack of a Bitcoin-like "locktime" feature in Ethereum, as such a feature can be simulated via a protocol where users send "signed data packets" and those data packets can be fed into a specialized contract that processes them and performs some corresponding function if the data packet is in some contract-specific sense valid.
Non-risk-aversion: the dev team is okay with higher degrees of risk if a risk-increasing change provides very substantial benefits (eg. generalized state transitions, 50x faster block times, consensus efficiency, etc)
Total Coin Supply: 21000000
Total Coins Mined: 16891450.0
CryptoCompare: BCH 612555, FR: 11897, P: 6984, L: 14053
Website: Bitcoin Cash / BCC
Bitcoin Cash (BCH) is a hard forked version of the original Bitcoin. It is similar to bitcoin with regards to its protocol; Proof of Work SHA-256 hashing, 21,000,000 supply, same block times and reward system. However two main differences are the the blocksize limits, as of August 2017 Bitcoin has a 1MB blocksize limit whereas BCH proposes 8MB blocks. Also BCH will adjust the difficulty every 6 blocks as opposed to 2016 blocks as with Bitcoin.
Bitcoin Cash is a proposal from the viaBTC mining pool and the Bitmain mining group to carry out a UAHF (User Activated Hard Fork) on August 1st 12:20 pm UTC. They rejected the agreed consensus (aka BIP-91 or SegWit2x) and have decided to fork the original Bitcoin blockchain and create this new version called “Bitcoin Cash”. Bitcoin Cash can be claimed by BTC owners who have their private keys or store their Bitcoins on a service that will split BCH for the customer.
Total Coin Supply: 100804167793
Total Coins Mined: 17877208052.0
CryptoCompare: XLM 448240, FR: 7263, P: 5697, L: 12424
Twitter: stellarorg 110776, FR: 103864, FN: 1551, L: 1382, TW: 2419, FV: 3731
Reddit: stellar 86456, SS: 34872, AU: 7315, PpD: 178.34, PpH: 7.43, CpD: 14819.9, CpH: 617.50
Facebook: stellarfoundation 23270, TA: 1193, L: 11340
Stellar is public infrastructure for money.
Supported by a nonprofit, Stellar brings the world together by increasing interoperability between diverse financial systems and currencies.
Stellar is a technology that enables money to move directly between people, companies and financial institutions as easily as email. This means more access for individuals, lower costs for banks, and more revenue for businesses. Help better the world’s financial infrastructure by participating in our community or by building on Stellar.
Total Coin Supply: 38305873865
Total Coins Mined: 38305873865.0
CryptoCompare: XRP 1631595, FR: 31512, P: 17363, L: 40977
Twitter: @Ripple 506789, FR: 484609, FN: 703, L: 4435, TW: 5831, FV: 4576
Reddit: ripple 193907, SS: 127848, AU: 12949, PpD: 74.57, PpH: 3.11, CpD: 13606.3, CpH: 566.93
Facebook: ripplepay 233701, TA: 15389, L: 79811
Ripple positions itself as a complement to, rather than a competitor with, Bitcoin - the site has a page dedicated to Ripple for bitcoiners. Ripple is a distributed network which means transactions occur immediately across the network - and as it is peer to peer - the network is resilient to systemic risk. Ripples aren't mined - unlike bitcoin and its peers - but each transaction destroys a small amount of XRP which adds a deflationary measure into the system. There are 100 billion XRP at present.
- Math-Based Currency
A math-based currency, also referred to as a cryptocurrency, is a digital asset with verifiable mathematical properties, similar to how we can reliably verify gold as a substance made of atoms with 79 protons. Math-based currencies exist as digital assets in their own right and can be transferred directly between users (as fiat cash can be) without relying on a centralized protocol operator. XRP exists as a math-based currency on the Ripple protocol.
- Abuse Protection
The primary function of XRP is to protect the Ripple protocol against denial-of-service (DoS) spam attacks. Since the Ripple protocol is based around a shared ledger of accounts, a malicious attacker could create large amounts of “ledger spam” (such as fake accounts) and “transaction spam” (such as fake transactions) in an attempt to overload the protocol. This could cause the size of the ledger to become unmanageable and interfere with the protocol’s ability to quickly settle legitimate transactions.
- Bridge Currency
XRP has great value as a bridge currency. Because each gateway’s balances trade as distinct assets within Ripple, the number of potential currency pairings can become quite large. Instead of quoting every possible currency/gateway combination, XRP can serve as a useful bridge currency to enable these transfers. This is possible because if every currency is liquid to XRP, then every currency is liquid to every other currency:
The Ledger and Consensus
The Ripple protocol is, at its core, a shared public database. This database includes a ledger, which serves to track accounts and the balances associated with them. The ledger is a distributed database — a perfect, shared record of accounts, balances, and transactions in the Ripple protocol. It is continually and automatically updated by the Ripple Transaction Protocol (RTXP) so that an identical ledger exists on thousands of servers around the world. At any time, anybody can review the ledger and see a record of all activity on the Ripple protocol. When changes are made to the ledger, computers connected to the Ripple protocol will mutually agree to the changes via a process called consensus. The Ripple protocol reaches consensus globally within seconds of a change being made. The consensus finding process is the engineering breakthrough that allows for fast, secure, and decentralized transaction settlement on the Ripple protocol.
The World’s First Distributed Exchange
No one owns or controls the Ripple protocol. It runs on computers around the world, all working together to continually maintain a perfect, shared record of accounts, balances, and transactions. Distributed networks offer many efficiencies over centralized networks. Because the network is “self-clearing”, it eliminates the need for a centralized network operator (and gets rid of the associated layer of fees). Because there is no single point of failure, distributed networks are more reliable. They also tend to be more secure, due to their open source nature.
Total Coin Supply: 84000000
Total Coins Mined: 54600083.153137058
Net Hashes Per Second: 100451630865539.2
CryptoCompare: LTC 979785, FR: 28388, P: 6327, L: 11191
Twitter: @litecoin 302486, FR: 291786, FN: 21, L: 2140, TW: 625, FV: 246
Reddit: litecoin 180943, SS: 163819, AU: 4157, PpD: 95.81, PpH: 3.99, CpD: 2326.96, CpH: 96.96
Facebook: litecoincommunity 8235, TA: 37, L: 7865
Litecoin LTC - provides faster transaction confirmations (2.5 minutes on average) and uses a memory-hard, scrypt-based mining proof-of-work algorithm to target the regular computers and GPUs most people already have - which are its main differentials to Bitcoin. The Litecoin network is scheduled to produce 84 million currency units with a halving in reward every four years just like bitcoin. The coin was created by a Google employee, Charles Lee. Litecoin is in second spot to Bitcoin and has spawned numerous clones - however it has a solid base of support and dedicated development team.
The Litecoin project is currently maintained by a core group of 6 software developers, led by Charles Lee, with a large community that is growing in support.
In May 2017, Litecoin became the first of the Top 5 (By Market Cap) cryptocurrencies to implement the SegWit scaling solution. Later in May of the same year, the first Lightning Network transaction was completed through litecoin, transferring 0.00000001 LTC from Zurich to San Francisco in under one second.
Litecoin is an open source software project released under the MIT/X11 license which gives you the power to run, modify, and copy the software and to distribute, at your option, modified copies of the software. The software is released in a transparent process that allows for independent verification of binaries and their corresponding source code.
Miners are currently awarded with 25 new litecoins per block, an amount which gets halved roughly every 4 years (every 840,000 blocks). The Litecoin network is therefore scheduled to produce 84 million litecoins, which is 4 times as many currency units as Bitcoin.
The Litecoin blockchain is capable of handling higher transaction volume than its counterpart - Bitcoin. Due to more frequent block generation, the network supports more transactions without a need to modify the software in the future. As a result, merchants get faster confirmation times, while still having ability to wait for more confirmations when selling bigger ticket items.
- Faster transaction confirmations (2.5 minutes on average)
- Scrypt-based mining proof-of-work algorithm
- 84 million litecoins
- Higher transaction volume than Bitcoin
- MIT/X11 license
Total Coin Supply: 45000000000
Total Coins Mined: 25927070538.0
CryptoCompare: ADA 113575, FR: 3310, P: 753, L: 1200
Twitter: @cardanocom 47680, FR: 45800, FN: 22, L: 376, TW: 519, FV: 277
Reddit: cardano 37865, SS: 33732, AU: 0, PpD: 124.39, PpH: 5.18, CpD: 2066.99, CpH: 86.12
Designed and developed by IOHK in conjunction with the University of Edinburgh, the University of Athens and the University of Connecticut, Cardano SL (or Cardano Settlement Layer) is a Proof of Stake cryptocurrency based on the Haskell implementation of the white paper “Ouroboros: A Provably Secure Proof of Stake Blockchain Protocol” by Aggelos Kiayias, Alexander Russell, Bernardo David and Roman Oliynykov.
Total Coin Supply: 2779530283
Total Coins Mined: 2779530283.0
CryptoCompare: IOT 798795, FR: 13380, P: 8769, L: 24507
Twitter: @iotatoken 78680, FR: 73375, FN: 0, L: 1061, TW: 536, FV: 21
Reddit: iota 108163, SS: 91830, AU: 4473, PpD: 68.07, PpH: 2.84, CpD: 1457.0, CpH: 60.71
IOTA is an open-source distributed ledger protocol that goes 'beyond blockchain' through its core invention of the blockless ‘Tangle’. The IOTA Tangle is a quantum-proof Directed Acyclic Graph, with no fees on transactions & no fixed limit on how many transactions can be confirmed per second in the network. Instead, throughput grows in conjunction with activity in the network; the more activity, the faster the network. Unlike blockchain architecture, IOTA has no separation between users and validators; rather, validation is an intrinsic property of using the ledger, thus avoiding centralization. IOTA is initially focused on serving as the backbone of the emerging Internet-of-Things (IoT). For a more in depth look at the technical design of IOTA read their https://iota.org/IOTA_Whitepaper.pdf.
For the first time ever true micro and even nano-transactions are enabled due to the unique IOTA Tangle architecture, providing developers with a brand new set of tools for their applications in both IoT and Web. This nurtures brand new business opportunities for companies that prohibitive fees has kept in the realm of the impossible until now.
Core feature of IOTA is the ability to transfer data through the Tangle. IOTA gives you several options to do so, making it possible to establish secure and authenticated communication channels between devices. All data which is transferred through IOTA is fully authenticated and tamper-proof - making attacks impossible.
Although IOTA is uniquely suited for the Internet-of-Things, the Tangle enables a variety of different use cases that involve secure data transmission, especially for eGovernance. An important part of this sector is e-Voting. The exploration into this field of use-cases has already begun by several companies and academics.
As the first extensible module of the IOTA core, MAM enables nodes to exchange data through the Tangle, fully authenticated and encrypted. This means that your devices can transmit valuable and sensitive data with quantum-proof security through the Tangle, ready to be analyzed later. MAM makes it possible to share data with multiple parties easily, similar to a radio, multiple parties can simply tune in on your frequency and get the broadcast data.
Leasing anything with a Chip
While the whole world has adopted the ‘Sharing Economy’ in areas like driving and accommodation, IOTA enables a whole new realm where anything with a chip in it can be leased in real time. Most of our belongings stay idle for the vast majority of time that we possess ownership of it, but through IOTA a lot of these things like Appliances, Tools, Drones, eBikes etc. and resources such as computer storage, computational power, WiFi bandwidth etc. can be turned into leasing-services effortlessly.
Total Coin Supply: 22000000
Total Coins Mined: 7750682.12326408
Net Hashes Per Second: 3302637859919954.0
CryptoCompare: DASH 337100, FR: 11885, P: 1097, L: 1255
Twitter: @Dashpay 217283, FR: 206091, FN: 250, L: 2238, TW: 2343, FV: 838
Reddit: dashpay 22706, SS: 17571, AU: 1630, PpD: 17.75, PpH: 0.74, CpD: 122.96, CpH: 5.12
Facebook: DashPay 40269, TA: 647, L: 33799
DigitalCash (DASH) uses a new chained hashing algorithm approach, with many new scientific hashing algorithms for the proof-of-work. DASH aims to be the first privacy-centric cryptographic currency with fully encrypted transactions and anonymous block transactions, this feature is called PrivateSend and can be found on the official Dashcore wallet.
PrivateSend mixes your DASH coins with other users who are also using this feature at the time, making your transactions untraceable.
Users can also earn DigitalCash rewards by hosting a master node to help maintain the Blockchain. One must have a balance of at least 1000 DASH in order to host a Dash master node, this collateral is required to avoid 51% attacks on the network.
- Untraceable payments
- Unlinkable transactions
- Double-spending proof
- Blockchain analysis resistance
- Egalitarian proof of work
- Adaptive limits
- Difficulty retargets each block
- Block reward decreases each block according to the formula:
BaseReward = (MSupply - A)/218, where MSupply = (264 - 1) atomic units and 'A' is amount of already generated coins
- POW mechanism is a voting system for users
Total Coin Supply: 8999999999
Total Coins Mined: 8999999999.0
CryptoCompare: XEM 98460, FR: 3566, P: 238, L: 336
Twitter: @NEMofficial 135360, FR: 127844, FN: 897, L: 1503, TW: 1833, FV: 659
NEM has gone through extensive open alpha testing starting June 25, 2014, followed by lengthy and comprehensive beta testing starting on October 20, 2014. NEM finally launched on May 31, 2015.
Total Coin Supply: 21000000
Total Coins Mined: 16842636.088994011
Net Hashes Per Second: 50620674.861150362
CryptoCompare: BTG 82445, FR: 1971, P: 826, L: 1252
Website: Bitcoin Gold
Twitter: @bitcoingold 52458, FR: 49908, FN: 527, L: 510, TW: 784, FV: 1403
Facebook: bitcoingoldofficial 20926, TA: 672, L: 14206
Bitcoin Gold is a fork of the Bitcoin blockchain that occurred at block 491407. It implements a new PoW algorithm, Equihash, which makes it ASIC-resistant and can only be mined by GPUs rigs. The purpose of Bitcoin Gold is to make mining decentralized again following Satoshi Nakamoto's vision of "1 CPU = 1 vote".
Total Coin Supply: 0
Total Coins Mined: 15559032.386102194
Net Hashes Per Second: 587959868.975
CryptoCompare: XMR 466765, FR: 17202, P: 954, L: 1284
Twitter: @monerocurrency 204706, FR: 194529, FN: 9, L: 2035, TW: 2380, FV: 49
Reddit: monero 92358, SS: 81836, AU: 2565, PpD: 38.09, PpH: 1.59, CpD: 1413.61, CpH: 58.90
Facebook: monerocurrency 33339, TA: 1428, L: 19059
Monero (XMR) is a cryptonight algorithm based alternative crypto currency. The coin is based on Proof of Work and has a block reward that varies smoothly. The difficulty retargets every block with a sixty second block target.
Monero uses a Ring Signature system to protect your privacy, allowing users to make untraceable transactions.
- Privacy (Untraceable payments, Unlinkable transactions)
Monero daemon uses the original CryptoNote protocol except for the initial changes (as the block time and emission speed). The protocol itself is based on ring signatures (Daniel J. Bernstein's Curve25519 + Ed25519, Schnorr signatures on a Twisted Edwards curve) and stealth addresses. The end result is passive, decentralised mixing based on heavily-tested algorithms.
The smart mining forthcoming feature will allow transparent CPU mining on the user's computer, far from the de facto centralization of mining farms and pool mining, pursuing Satoshi Nakamoto's original vision of a true p2p currency.
Monero has no hardcoded limit, which means it doesn't have a 1 MB block size limitation preventing scalability.
In cryptography, a ring signature is a type of digital signature that can be performed by any member of a group of users that each have keys. Therefore, a message signed with a ring signature is endorsed by someone in a particular group of people. One of the security properties of a ring signature is that it should be computationally infeasible to determine which of the group members' keys was used to produce the signature.
For instance, a ring signature could be used to provide an anonymous signature from "a high-ranking White House official", without revealing which official signed the message. Ring signatures are right for this application because the anonymity of a ring signature cannot be revoked, and because the group for a ring signature can be improvised (requires no prior setup).
Application to Monero
A ring signature makes use of your account keys and a number of public keys (also known as outputs) pulled from the blockchain using a triangular distribution method. Over the course of time, past outputs could be used multiple times to form possible signer participants. In a "ring" of possible signers, all ring members are equal and valid. There is no way an outside observer can tell which of the possible signers in a signature group belongs to your account. So, ring signatures ensure that transaction outputs are untraceable. Moreover, there are no fungibility issues with Monero given that every transaction output has plausible deniability (e.g. the network can not tell which outputs are spent or unspent).
To read how Monero gives you privacy by default (unlinkability), see stealth addresses.
Total Coin Supply: 1000000000
Total Coins Mined: 1000000000.0
CryptoCompare: EOS 93325, FR: 3032, P: 411, L: 725
Twitter: @eos_io 68015, FR: 63655, FN: 35, L: 872, TW: 537, FV: 70
Facebook: eosblockchain 8559, TA: 333, L: 5229
EOS.IO is software that introduces a blockchain architecture designed to enable vertical and horizontal scaling of decentralized applications (the “EOS.IO Software”). This is achieved through an operating system-like construct upon which applications can be built. The software provides accounts, authentication, databases, asynchronous communication and the scheduling of applications across multiple CPU cores and/or clusters. The resulting technology is a blockchain architecture that has the potential to scale to millions of transactions per second, eliminates user fees and allows for quick and easy deployment of decentralized applications. For more information, please read the EOS.IO Technical White Paper.
Total Coin Supply: 100000000
Total Coins Mined: 100000000.0
Algorithm: POS 3.0
CryptoCompare: QTUM 35060, FR: 1184, P: 152, L: 166
Twitter: @QtumOfficial 94094, FR: 89114, FN: 766, L: 996, TW: 765, FV: 60
Reddit: Qtum 12861, SS: 8432, AU: 1451, PpD: 9.09, PpH: 0.38, CpD: 38.39, CpH: 1.60
Qtum is a decentralized blockchain platform with dApp and turing-coplete smart contract functionalities while still mantaining a an Unspent Transaction Output (UTXO) transaction model. Qtum employs a Proof of Stake consensus mechanism. QTUM is the underlying value token in the Qtum blockchain.
Total Coin Supply: 100000000
Total Coins Mined: 65000000.0
CryptoCompare: NEO 398810, FR: 10347, P: 2755, L: 7126
Twitter: @neo_blockchain 202471, FR: 193926, FN: 2220, L: 1709, TW: 489, FV: 650
Reddit: NEO 70034, SS: 54854, AU: 4040, PpD: 19.78, PpH: 0.82, CpD: 1530.29, CpH: 63.76
Facebook: antshares 961, TA: 1, L: 951
NEO is a platform in which users can issue and trade assets. NEO has been rebranded from the original 'Antshares'. NEO tokenizes proofs of ownership of an asset and not the asset itself, thus taking into account all of the legal complications and obligations that may come with the transfer of shares, equity and assets.
NEO represent an ownership of the NEO platform and allows users to buy NEO (ANC) and to vote on protocol changes on the NEO blockchain. ANS are 100% premined and issued on the NEO's genesis block.
Total Coin Supply: 16555000000
Total Coins Mined: 14426982024.706799
CryptoCompare: XVG 380020, FR: 5175, P: 6143, L: 9707
Twitter: @vergecurrency 155134, FR: 150068, FN: 732, L: 1013, TW: 1869, FV: 4225
Reddit: verge 4273, SS: 4151, AU: 40, PpD: 0.03, PpH: 0.00, CpD: 1.04, CpH: 0.04
Facebook: VERGEcurrency 93212, TA: 7166, L: 21552
Verge is a scrypt based alternative crypto currency trying to take the popularity of both Dogecoin and Bitcoin and combine it with the anonymous features of DASH. The block time is 30 seconds and the coin operates through Proof of Work.
VERGE prides itself on being a symbol of progression in the cryptocurrency world. It is a more secure, private, and evolving cryptocurrency that is backed by bitcoin, a ton of developer resources and privacy tools (located here!)
- Block 0 to 14,000 : 200,000 coins
- 14,000 to 28,000 : 100,000 coins
- 28,000 to 42,000: 50,000 coins
- 42,000 to 210,000: 25,000 coins
- 210,000 to 378,000: 12,500 coins
- 378,000 to 546,000: 6,250 coins
- 546,000 to 714,000: 3,125 coins
- 714,000 to 2,124,000: 1,560 coins
- 2,124,000 to 4,248,000: 730 coins
Approximately total reward: 9 Billion (9,000,000,000) during first year then issuing 1 billion (1,000,000,000) each year after.
Total Coins Mined: 98852653.0
Net Hashes Per Second: 7083949085849.0
CryptoCompare: ETC 235295, FR: 7947, P: 974, L: 1227
Website: Ethereum Classic
Twitter: EthereumClassic 17109, FR: 15754, FN: 88, L: 271, TW: 50, FV: 91
Reddit: EthereumClassic 16567, SS: 11923, AU: 1525, PpD: 9.90, PpH: 0.41, CpD: 34.55, CpH: 1.44
Ethereum Classic is an attempt at keeping the Ethereum blockchain unaltered by the part of the community that opposed the hard fork and the return of The DAO funds. It started trading on Poloniex and is getting more and more traction.
The Ethereum Classic mission statement is:
"We believe in decentralized, censorship-resistant, permissionless blockchains. We believe in the original vision of Ethereum as a world computer you can't shut down, running irreversible smart contracts. We believe in a strong separation of concerns, where system forks are only possible in order to correct actual platform bugs, not to bail out failed contracts and special interests. We believe in censorship-resistant platform that can be actually trusted - by anyone."
Our block explorer data: total coins supply, total network hash rate, last block number and total difficulty are freely provided by https://gastracker.io/
In 2017, the Die Hard fork was implemented in ETC, removing the Ethereum difficulty bomb. Currently, there are no plans to move to Proof of Stake like Ethereum, although developers at the IOHK institute are developing a new PoS protocol for Ethereum Classic.
Total Coin Supply: 100000000000
Total Coins Mined: 100000000000.0
CryptoCompare: TRX 80985, FR: 1990, P: 769, L: 1201
Twitter: @tronfoundation 73869, FR: 71474, FN: 51, L: 479, TW: 157, FV: 16
Facebook: tronfoundation 31854, TA: 1704, L: 14814
Tron is a blockchain-based protocol for a free content entertainment system, allowing each user to freely publish, store and own data, and in the decentralized autonomous form, decides the distribution, subscription and push of contents and enables content creators by releasing, circulating and dealing with digital assets, thus forming a decentralized content entertainment ecosystem. Tronix ix an ERC20 token based on the Ethereum blockchain, acting as the basic unit of account on the platform.
Total Coin Supply: 159918400
Total Coins Mined: 116621480.0
CryptoCompare: LSK 88620, FR: 3030, P: 330, L: 462
Twitter: @LiskHQ 159856, FR: 151985, FN: 238, L: 1574, TW: 1351, FV: 3197
Reddit: Lisk 28317, SS: 22474, AU: 1783, PpD: 11.48, PpH: 0.48, CpD: 247.05, CpH: 10.29
Facebook: LiskHQ 30462, TA: 697, L: 23492
Lisk is a crypto-currency and decentralized application platform. As a crypto-currency, much like Bitcoin and other alternatives, it provides a decentralized payment system and digital money network. The network itself, operates using a highly efficient Delegated-Proof-of-Stake (DPoS) consensus model, that is secured by 101 democratically elected delegates. The Lisk decentralized application platform, it's most powerful component, allows the deployment, distribution and monetisation of decentralized applications and custom blockchains (sidechains) onto the Lisk blockchain. The inflation rate is 5 LISK per block, which gets lowered by 1 every year until it reaches a stable block reward of 1 LISK per block.
Lisk partnered with Microsoft to integrate Lisk into its Azure Blockchain as a Service (BaaS) program — meaning developers worldwide can develop, test, and deploy Lisk blockchain applications using Microsoft's Azure cloud computing platform and infrastructure.
The Lisk network is both decentralized and trustless. That means no single entity is in direct control. The network is secured by 101 democratically elected delegates. Whose primary responsibility is to confirm and broadcast the validity of transactions. All Lisk accounts on the network are eligible to vote for delegates registered on the Lisk blockchain. The 101 delegates with the most votes are elected with the responsibility of confirming the validity of transactions broadcast on the network. They also receive 100% of all fees collected by the network and all forging rewards.
During the ICO 100,000,000 LISK weree goven out to ICO participants, the core team, third parties and active community members. Once the network is established with 101 delegates there will be an inflation of 5 newly created LISK with every block, these are the Forging Rewards. Every 3,000,000 blocks (~1 year) this reward is reduced by 1 LISK, ending at 1 LISK per block where it stays like that forever.
The Forging Rewards will be equally distributed through all active (101 and higher) delegates, same as the network fees. We implemented this mechanism to create an incentive to run a delegate and secure the network. Additionally, this allows Lisk to finance itself in the future.
Total Coin Supply: 1000000000
Total Coins Mined: 998999942.0
CryptoCompare: NXT 131780, FR: 3415, P: 1115, L: 1853
Twitter: @nxtcommunity 73348, FR: 68559, FN: 296, L: 957, TW: 4195, FV: 765
Reddit: NXT 13670, SS: 8149, AU: 1746, PpD: 22.71, PpH: 0.95, CpD: 141.83, CpH: 5.91
Facebook: NxtBlockchain 33880, TA: 1254, L: 21340
Nxt is considered a 2nd generation crypto currency. With all the alt coins that alter parametes such as hashing mechanism, time between blocks, starting difficulty, and so on, Nxt brings much much more to the table and was designed this way for a number of reasons. It's proof of stake model makes it less susceptible to 51% attacks whilst it is designed to support large transaction volumes, something which the traditional Bitcoin and its clones have as a potential flaw. Nxt allows the creation and exchange of custom tokens, coloured coins and assets on the Blockchain.
In 2016, the NXT team announced the launch of Ardor, the Nxt 2.0. The platform will allow users the same features as Nxt and additional tools like sidechain support for asset issuance and more. The destribution of the ARDR token was done through a snapshot process, which is the reason for the price spike during late 2016.
Total Coin Supply: 1000000000
Total Coins Mined: 998999495.0
CryptoCompare: ARDR 22535, FR: 749, P: 110, L: 106
Twitter: @ArdorPlatform 53280, FR: 50009, FN: 84, L: 654, TW: 1073, FV: 522
Reddit: Ardor 10227, SS: 4961, AU: 1610, PpD: 41.73, PpH: 1.74, CpD: 218.39, CpH: 9.10
Ardor is a Blockchain-as-a-Service (BaaS) Platform that will allow users to create their own child chains with specific settings for asset issuance. Ardor is the evolution of the NXT blockchain and offers many advantages over its predecessor, both in functionality and in scalability.
ARDR, the Main Chain tokens are the backbone of the platform, they will be used maintain the blockchain and forge tokens from tx fees, which is the equivalent of Mining in the NXT Proof of Stake (PoS) protocol.
The distribution process for Ardor started on the 14th of July and lasted until 12th of October. During this time hourly snapshots of NXT Balances were taken and averaged, the balance was then given to holders on a 1 to 1 scale. ARDR issued as an asset on the NXT 1.9 Blockchain until the full release of the Ardor Platform in Q3 of 2017.
A second set of tokens will be given to users according to their NXT holding on the day the first block of Ardor is mined, meaning that the balance won’t be measured and averaged over a period of time, but will instead be given on a 0.5 – 1 scale according to the one snapshot taken at the moment of the Genesis Block. These tokens will house the features of the first Ardor child chain.
Total Coin Supply: 21000000
Total Coins Mined: 2977981.25
Net Hashes Per Second: 387556403.0
CryptoCompare: ZEC 372900, FR: 13324, P: 910, L: 1705
Twitter: @zcashco 58527, FR: 52701, FN: 0, L: 1165, TW: 1168, FV: 869
Reddit: zec 14715, SS: 9761, AU: 1602, PpD: 9.24, PpH: 0.39, CpD: 74.31, CpH: 3.10
ZCash is a privacy driven cryptocurrency. It uses the Equihash as an algorithm, which is an asymmetric memory-hard Proof of Work algorithm based on the generalized birthday problem. It relies on high RAM requirements to bottleneck the generation of proofs and making ASIC development unfeasible.
ZCash uses zero-knowledge Succinct Non-interactive Arguments of Knowledge (zk-SNARKs) to ensure that all information (sender, reciever, ammount) is encrypted, without the possibility of double-spending. The only information that is revealed regarding transactions is the time in which they take place.
Block explorer data from https://explorer.zcha.in/
A decentralized and open-source cryptocurrency that provides strong privacy protections. If Bitcoin is like http for money, Zcash is https—a secure transport layer.
Zcash is the first widespread application of zk-SNARKs, a novel form of zero-knowledge cryptography. The strong privacy guarantee of Zcash is derived from the fact that shielded transactions in Zcash can be fully encrypted on the blockchain, yet still be verified as valid under the network’s consensus rules by using zk-SNARK proofs.
The acronym zk-SNARK stands for “Zero-Knowledge Succinct Non-Interactive Argument of Knowledge,” and refers to a proof construction where one can prove possession of certain information, e.g. a secret key, without revealing that information, and without any interaction between the prover and verifier.
“Zero-knowledge” proofs allow one party (the prover) to prove to another (the verifier) that a statement is true, without revealing any information beyond the validity of the statement itself. For example, given the hash of a random number, the prover could convince the verifier that there indeed exists a number with this hash value, without revealing what it is.
Application to ZCASH
In order to have zero-knowledge privacy in Zcash, the function determining the validity of a transaction according to the network’s consensus rules must return the answer of whether the transaction is valid or not, without revealing any of the information it performed the calculations on. This is done by encoding some of the network's consensus rules in zk-SNARKs. At a high level, zk-SNARKs work by first turning what you want to prove into an equivalent form about knowing a solution to some algebraic equations. In the following section, we give a brief overview of how the rules for determining a valid transaction get transformed into equations that can then be evaluated on a candidate solution without revealing any sensitive information to the parties verifying the equations.
Total Coin Supply: 2511953117
Total Coins Mined: 2511953117.0
CryptoCompare: BTS 47270, FR: 1537, P: 231, L: 307
Twitter: @_bitshares 13385, FR: 11729, FN: 378, L: 331, TW: 1006, FV: 153
Reddit: BitShares 10244, SS: 5466, AU: 1563, PpD: 7.18, PpH: 0.30, CpD: 44.71, CpH: 1.86
Facebook: officialbitshares 12603, TA: 154, L: 11063
BitShares (BTS) was first introduced in a White Paper titled “A Peer-to-Peer Polymorphic Digital Asset Exchange” by Daniel Larimer, Charles Hoskinson, and Stan Larimer. It is a brand of open-source software based on the as blockchain technology as used by Bitcoin. Unlike bitcoins, which do not produce any income for their owners, BitShare can be used to launch Decentralized Autonomous Companies (DACs) which issue shares, produce profits and distribute profits to shareholders. As such, BitShares is about making profitable companies that people want to own shares in, thus creating return for the shareholders. The first DAC launched by this proces was called BitSharesX, a decentralized asset exchange based in Hong Kong. BitShares was originally launched under the name of ProtoShares (PTS); it was later renamed to BitShares (BTS) and "reloaded" in November 2014 by merging several products into BitShares (BTS).
The BitShares platform itself is run and maintained by the BitShares community–an open consortium of individuals and organizations committed to providing universal access to the power of smart contracts. Working together, this community has designed and developed the BitShares platform to include numerous innovative features which are not found elsewhere within the smart contract industry
- Price-Stable Cryptocurrencies
SmartCoins provide the freedom of cryptocurrency with the stability of the dollar
- Decentralized Asset Exchange
A fast and fluid trading platform
- Industrial Performance and Scalability
Over 100,000 transactions per second
- Recurring & Scheduled Payments
Flexible withdrawal permissions
- Referral Rewards Program
Network growth through adoption rewards
- Dynamic Account Permissions
Management for the corporate environment
- User-Issued Assets
Regulation-compatible cryptoasset issuance
- Stakeholder-Approved Project Funding
A self-sustaining funding model
- Transferable Named Accounts
Easy and secure transactions
- Delegated Proof-of-Stake Consensus
A robust and flexible consensus protocol
Delegated Proof-of-Stake Consensus
Delegated Proof of Stake (DPOS) is a new method of securing a crypto-currency’s network. DPOS attempts to solve the problems of both Bitcoin’s traditional Proof of Work system, and the Proof of Stake system of Peercoin and NXT. DPOS implements a layer of technological democracy to offset the negative effects of centralization.
Delegated proof of stake mitigates the potential negative impacts of centralization through the use of witnesses (formaly called delegates). A total of N witnesses sign the blocks and are voted on by those using the network with every transaction that gets made. By using a decentralized voting process, DPOS is by design more democratic than comparable systems. Rather than eliminating the need for trust all together, DPOS has safeguards in place the ensure that those trusted with signing blocks on behalf of the network are doing so correctly and without bias. Additionally, each block signed must have a verification that the block before it was signed by a trusted node. DPOS eliminates the need to wait until a certain number of untrusted nodes have verified a transaction before it can be confirmed.
This reduced need for confirmation produces an increase in speed of transaction times. By intentionally placing trust with the most trustworthy of potential block signers, as decided by the network, no artificial encumbrance need be imposed to slow down the block signing process. DPOS allows for many more transactions to be included in a block than either proof of work or proof of stake systems. DPOS technology allows cryptocurrency technology to transact at a level where it can compete with the centralized clearinghouses like Visa and Mastercard. Such clearinghouses administer the most popular forms of electronic payment systems in the world.
In a delegated proof of stake system centralization still occurs, but it is controlled. Unlike other methods of securing cryptocurrency networks, every client in a DPOS system has the ability to decide who is trusted rather than trust concentrating in the hands of those with the most resources. DPOS allows the network to reap some of the major advantages of centralization, while still maintaining some calculated measure of decentralization. This system is enforced by a fair election process where anyone could potentially become a delegated representative of the majority of users.
Total Coins Mined: 98686442.239039883
CryptoCompare: STRAT 104945, FR: 3481, P: 454, L: 657
Twitter: @stratisplatform 108283, FR: 101532, FN: 174, L: 1350, TW: 1050, FV: 626
Facebook: stratisplatform 8836, TA: 218, L: 6656
Stratis is the native value currency in the Stratis Platform, it fuels the creation of private and public custom blockchains for corporate use. The Stratis Platform offers a one-click deployment system for custom blockchain deployment. These blockchains can be customized to suit the companies' needs, and can even be deployed to mimic the features of popular blockchains like Ethereum or Lisk, which can be tested individually or in parallel.
The Stratis team will also function as a London Based consultancy agency that will help businesses to deploy the blockchain that best suits them.
Total Coin Supply: 100000000
Total Coins Mined: 100000000.0
Algorithm: Leased POS
CryptoCompare: WAVES 70495, FR: 2574, P: 169, L: 192
Twitter: @wavesplatform 86924, FR: 80203, FN: 1, L: 1344, TW: 1897, FV: 2303
Reddit: Wavesplatform 11752, SS: 6870, AU: 1588, PpD: 12.93, PpH: 0.54, CpD: 59.03, CpH: 2.46
Facebook: wavesplatform 77066, TA: 1586, L: 61206
Waves is a custom blockchain tokens platform designed for large-scale business and consumer adoption. Waves was created to make the benefits of blockchain technology accessible to ordinary businesses and end users. The platform launched in 2016 and was designed from the ground up to address the shortcomings of existing blockchain services. The result is an enterprise-ready platform that emphasises security, easy token operations (creation, transfer, exchange) and a straightforward user experience, as well as dealing with critical long-term issues such as speed and scalability.
Descentralized token exchange: Waves platform will facilitate fundraising, crowdfunding, and trading of
financial instruments on the blockchain with reduced volatility.
Custom and fiat token creation, deletion and transfer.
Lightweight clients: Waves will provide a easy to setup light client that can run on any computer.
Waves is the first production system being built on top of the Scorex framework
Extensible solution: In order to fix the need for a mandatory hard fork when creating a new type of transaction on the NXT Platform (forcing network client software updates) WAVES offers plug-ins that are not included in the core software module, but are instead installed as an extension on top of it.
Total Coin Supply: 53252246
Total Coins Mined: 53252246.0
CryptoCompare: PPT 8605, FR: 306, P: 25, L: 33
Twitter: @bitpopulous 13988, FR: 12898, FN: 24, L: 218, TW: 354, FV: 36
Populous is an invoice and trade finance platform built on the Ethereum network. Populous uses XBRL, Z Score formula, Smart Contracts, Stable tokens and other technologies in the cryptoshpere to create a unique trading environment for investors and invoice sellers.
Total Coin Supply: 140245398
Total Coins Mined: 140245398.24513277
CryptoCompare: OMG 154555, FR: 4538, P: 987, L: 1643
Twitter: @omise_go 171306, FR: 163206, FN: 1491, L: 1620, TW: 351, FV: 965
Reddit: omise_go 33031, SS: 26202, AU: 1985, PpD: 6.38, PpH: 0.27, CpD: 437.05, CpH: 18.21
OmiseGO is building a decentralized exchange, liquidity provider mechanism, clearinghouse messaging network, and asset-backed blockchain gateway. OmiseGO is not owned by any single one party. Instead, it is an open distributed network of validators which enforce behavior of all participants. It uses the mechanism of a protocol token to create a proof-of-stake blockchain to enable enforcement of market activity amongst participants.
Owning OMG tokens buys the right to validate this blockchain, within its consensus rules. Transaction fees on the network including payment, interchange, trading, and clearinghouse use, are given to non-faulty validators who enforce bonded contract states. The token will have value derived from the fees derived from this network, with the obligation/cost of providing validation to its users.
Total Coins Mined: 1368089837.0
CryptoCompare: USDT 11695, FR: 416, P: 35, L: 42
Twitter: @Tether_to 14373, FR: 12648, FN: 388, L: 345, TW: 267, FV: 126
Facebook: tether.to 1504, TA: 49, L: 1014
USDT is a cryptocurrency asset issued on the Bitcoin blockchain via the Omni Layer Protocol. Each USDT unit is backed by a U.S Dollar held in the reserves of the Tether Limited and can be redeemed through the Tether Platform. USDT can be transferred, stored, spent, just like bitcoins or any other cryptocurrency.
USDT and other Tether currencies were created to facilitate the transfer of national currencies, to provide users with a stable alternative to Bitcoin and to provide an alternative for exchange and wallet audits which are currently unreliable. USDT provides an alternative to Proof of Solvency methods by introducing a Proof of Reserves Process.
In the Tether Proof of Reserves system, the amount of USDT in circulations can be easily checked on the Bitcoin blockchain via the tools provided at Omnichest.info, while the corresponding total amount of USD held reserves is proved by publishing the bank balance and undergoing periodic audits by professionals.
Total Coin Supply: 84000000
Total Coins Mined: 42325828.801052466
CryptoCompare: HSR 2185, FR: 81, P: 6, L: 1
Twitter: @Mkt_Hcash 4278, FR: 3908, FN: 49, L: 74, TW: 194, FV: 36
Reddit: H_cash 0, SS: 0, AU: 0, PpD: 0.04, PpH: 0.00, CpD: 0.04, CpH: 0.00
Facebook: HcashOfficial 4803, TA: 365, L: 1153
Hshare is a dual network blockchain comprised both of a blockchain-based network and a DAG-based network. It allows for anonymous transactions through the use of zero proof technology. The blockchain-based side of Hshare features a PoW/PoS cryptocurrency.
Total Coin Supply: 200000000
Total Coins Mined: 103889819.0
CryptoCompare: KMD 22075, FR: 783, P: 76, L: 60
Twitter: @komodoplatform 67187, FR: 63301, FN: 35, L: 777, TW: 1373, FV: 431
Facebook: KomodoPlatform 144988, TA: 12943, L: 15558
Komodo is a privacy-centric cryptocurrency that combines the anonymity of ZCash with the security of Bitcoin. Using a new consensus mechanism developed by the Komodo team, delayed Proof of Work, Komodo blocks can be notarized using the Bitcoin blockchain. KMD is issued through an Equihash-based PoW protocol, and the new block information is sent to pre-voted notary nodes. These nodes insert the Komodo block information on the BTC blockchain by creating a custom transaction. This system ensures that in order to "hack" komodo, one would have to rewrite both chains.
Komodo uses Zero Knowledge Proofs to provide 100% anonymous transactions, that are now secured with Bitcoin's hash rate.
Total Coin Supply: 184467440735
Total Coins Mined: 183637000295.84
Net Hashes Per Second: 7213594.5583333
CryptoCompare: BCN 129100, FR: 2729, P: 1305, L: 2825
Twitter: @bytecoin_dev 6911, FR: 6191, FN: 347, L: 144, TW: 401, FV: 105
Reddit: 4558, SS: 3369, AU: 384, PpD: 3.30, PpH: 0.14, CpD: 18.89, CpH: 0.79
Facebook: bytecoin.cryptocoin 1218, TA: 0, L: 1218
Bytecoin (BCN) is the first currency based on the CryptoNote technology and launched back in July, 2012. BCN protects your privacy with completely untraceable and anonymous transactions so it is deservedly called the next generation anonymous cryptocurrency.
It is a fully independent currency which has been developing separately from Bitcoin and its forks. The basis for the creation of Bytecoin was the CryptoNote unique technology.
Total Coin Supply: 0
Total Coins Mined: 31396146174.0
CryptoCompare: SC 130135, FR: 4351, P: 538, L: 791
Twitter: @NebulousLabs 1086, FR: 941, FN: 17, L: 29, TW: 53, FV: 41
Reddit: siacoin 29021, SS: 23271, AU: 1845, PpD: 16.36, PpH: 0.68, CpD: 107.95, CpH: 4.50
Facebook: nebulouslabs 1717, TA: 42, L: 1297
Sia is an actively developed decentralized storage platform. Users all over the world contribute disk storage from their computers to form a decentralized network.
Anybody with siacoins can rent storage from hosts on Sia. This is accomplish via "smart" storage contracts stored on the Sia blockchain. The smart contract provides a payment to the host only after the host has kept the file for a given amount of time. If the host loses the file, the host does not get paid.
The distrubuted nature of the Sia network enables many optimizations in latency, throughput, reliability, and security. The decentralized nature of the Sia network enables anyone with storage to get paid, lowering the barrier to entry and reducing the overall price of cloud storage.
The Sia cryptocurrency is live! You can rent storage using siacoins and hosts providing storage to the network receive compensation in the form of siacoins. The storage platform itself is still in beta, and only uploads that are 500mb or less in size are supported by the wallet.
Sia uses a new cryptocurrency, called the siacoin. The developers will mine the first 100 blocks or so before releasing the code + miner to the public. Other than these first blocks, there is no premine for siacoins. The first block reward will be 300,000 siacoins. Each block reward after that will be one siacoin smaller than the previous block reward (299,999, then 299,998, and so on). When the block reward reaches 30,000, all remaining blocks will give a 30,000 siacoin reward. The block time is 10 minutes. Each siacoin is composed of 10^24 indivisible units.
The most important features of Sia can only be accessed by using siacoins. All storage contracts and all Sia payment channels require owning siacoins. This requirement means that as Sia grows in usage, so too will demand for siacoins. As demand grows, the price will increase. If Sia is being used for billions of dollars of storage, billions of dollars of siacoins will be required. The value of the siacoin is inextricably tied to the amount of storage in use on the Sia network.
Sia has a second cryptocurrency, called the Siafund. 3.9% of all successful storage contract payouts go to the holders of the siafunds. There are 10,000 siafunds total, and all 10,000 are completely premined. Sia's parent company, Nebulous Inc., holds approximately 8750 of these siafunds. The remaining siafunds were sold in a crowdfund which helped to finance Sia's early development. The primary goal of siafunding is to provide a way to finance the development of Sia without relying on donations or a premine. More people using Sia means more funding available to hire more developers.
Standard transactions are not subject to the fee, and neither are failed storage contracts (where the host was offline or lost the file).
The foundation of Sia is a proof of work blockchain. Storage contracts are a new type of transaction that get enforced by the blockchain. Sia's hashing algorithm is blake2b. p2pool and multisig wallets are both supported on Sia.
When a file is uploaded to Sia, a storage contract is created containing the Merkle root of the file, a reward for the host, and a penalty for the host (both in siacoins). After an agreed-upon duration, the host is required to prove that the file is still available by providing a random Merkle proof. If the proof is valid, the host is rewarded; otherwise, the host is penalized. Random numbers are generated deterministically using the most recent block as a seed.
Sia has support for two way payment channels, and two way contract diffs. Among other things, this provides massive scalability, and eliminates the need for untrustworthy 0-confirmation transactions. Once you join a payment channel network, all transactions within that network will be instant and final, with no risk of a double spend.
Reliability is achieved by using erasure coding in a massively distributed environment. Erasure coding allows a file to be split into many pieces, such that the original file can be recovered using only a few of them. For example, you can take a 50 MB file, break it into 200 pieces that are 1 MB each, and then you can recover the original file from *any* 50 of the pieces. This method has the same overhead as creating 4 complete copies of the file, yet is much more reliable because it's much less likely that 151 out of 200 hosts will go offline than it is that 4 out of 4 hosts will go offline.
As the network grows, we will apply statistical analysis to determine the redundancy required to provide 99.9999% reliability on files. It is likely that 3x overhead is absurd overkill, and statistical analysis will give an accurate picture of how much overhead is required.
Using 200 hosts to store a file means that downloads can be massively parallel. Even if the average Sia host does not have quick upload speeds, the massive parallelism enabled by Sia means that downloads will be blazing fast anyway. In addition, you can choose to connect only to the datacenters that are the closest and the fastest. This optimization (known as a CDN) is a hugely expensive project for a traditional cloud storage service, but for Sia it is a natural consequence of the decentralized network.
As security is a top priority of Sia, all encryption is performed locally; the people storing your files will have no ability to see what you have uploaded. Not only is every file encrypted separately, every *piece* of every file is encrypted separately, and hosts are not told which pieces are part of the same file.
Total Coins Mined: 112620509322.02612
CryptoCompare: DOGE 248955, FR: 8081, P: 1140, L: 1838
Twitter: @dogecoin 189410, FR: 184920, FN: 3, L: 898, TW: 367, FV: 18
Reddit: dogecoin 105971, SS: 96169, AU: 2294, PpD: 95.25, PpH: 3.97, CpD: 1460.45, CpH: 60.85
Facebook: OfficialDogecoin 75132, TA: 1161, L: 63522
A Bitcoin clone that has reached success through clever marketing. Over the past year well over a hundred new cryptocurrencies have been created but not many have instantly carved out a niche. Dogecoin has sponsored multiple high profile events such as Nascar teams and the winter olympics - even so there are few locations to use the coin - and instead it has become a de facto internet tipping currency. The coin has produced 100 billion units by the end of 2014 and is now producing roughly 5 billion units per year.
Total Coin Supply: 99692126
Total Coins Mined: 99692126.0
CryptoCompare: STEEM 54105, FR: 1942, P: 139, L: 208
Twitter: @steemit 69320, FR: 63566, FN: 13393, L: 1148, TW: 14496, FV: 13270
Reddit: steemit 8383, SS: 4235, AU: 1376, PpD: 47.19, PpH: 1.97, CpD: 10.41, CpH: 0.43
Steem.it is a blockchain-based social media platform where anyone can earn rewards by posting relevant content, curating quality content by upvoting and by holding Steem based currencies in a vest fund, which generates interest.
There are three main currencies in Steemit: Steem, Steem Power (SP) and Steem Backed Dollars (SBD).
Steem is liquid and can be bought in an exchange and converted into steem dollars or steem power.
Steem Power is basically Steem that is locked in a vesting fund for 3 months. Users can use steem power to upvote content and get curating rewards.
When a user upvotes content his steem power gets depleted and then slowly regenerated. Steem Power holders recieve interest from their holdings. The more Steem Power a voter has the more revenue he'll generate for himself (in form of SP) and for the content creator (In SBD).
There is also an incentive to upvote content early, as the rewards are distributed according to time. The earliest votes gets the biggest share of the reward.
Steem Backed Dollars are there to protect content creators from volatitlity and can be traded for roughly 1 usd worth of steem, in order to cash out from steem. Converting Steem backed dollars into STEEM takes 5 days. Users also recieve interest from holding SBD. T
Steem is a proof of work currency with a scheduled blocktime of 3 seconds. Steem PoW mining is done in rounds of 63 seconds by 21 miners (witnesses). 19 of the miners are pre voted, one is the other with the most computational power, and the last one is selected from a queue of witnesses that did not get on the top 19 voted witnesses.
90% of the block reward is allocated to a vest fund to reward curators and PoW miners, the other 10% are made liquid in the form of steem and are used to reward content creators. Steem gets converted to Steem Backed Dollars and sent to the content creator.
Total Coin Supply: 11000000
Total Coins Mined: 11000000.0
CryptoCompare: REP 49255, FR: 1872, P: 69, L: 73
Twitter: @AugurProject 88428, FR: 81612, FN: 214, L: 1363, TW: 1668, FV: 2273
Reddit: Augur 11150, SS: 6502, AU: 1541, PpD: 2.33, PpH: 0.10, CpD: 12.75, CpH: 0.53
Facebook: augurproject 17305, TA: 66, L: 16645
Prediction markets are widely considered the best forecasting tool. Augur is an open, global platform where anyone anywhere can create, monitor or trade in prediction markets about any topic. Think of it as an "Early Warning System'' with the most accurate event forecasts, a potential "Google Search", "Bloomberg Terminal" or "Reuters Terminal" for crowdsourced event forecasts.
The system plans to use the "Wisdom of Crowds'' ("collective intelligence'') via market incentives, "Long Tail'' dynamics and blockchain technology to securely generate a more accurate, robust and unfiltered array of dynamic event forecasts than any alternative can match.
Augur is decentralized, self-regulating, pseudonymous and autonomous. It offers the promise of markets without exposure to counterparty risk, principal-agent problems or central points of control, failure or censorship. No person is ever in direct control of someone else’s funds or in a position to single-handedly threaten the system’s integrity.
The software is comprised of smart contracts perpetually deployed on a blockchain network, which enables applications deployed to be immune to local outages while benefiting from the entire community's security. All interactions with markets are communicated as database transactions between unique accounts powered by immutable software instructions.
Total Coin Supply: 21000000000
Total Coins Mined: 9644663149.0
CryptoCompare: DGB 316750, FR: 5794, P: 3384, L: 8730
Twitter: @DigiByteCoin 104681, FR: 99688, FN: 525, L: 998, TW: 3625, FV: 2313
Reddit: Digibyte 17819, SS: 12502, AU: 1661, PpD: 17.04, PpH: 0.71, CpD: 167.42, CpH: 6.98
Facebook: digibytecoin 31101, TA: 1575, L: 15351
A coin that has adopted the Bitcoin "21" figure but increased the supply to 21 billion - with over 5 algorithms to mine with (Scryt, Sha-256, Qubit, Skein, Groestl) - in order to keep mining local and in the hands of many. A 60 second block target, a 0.5% premine and a block retarget every 2.4 hrs or 244 blocks.
DigiByte: Refers to the entire DigiByte network or a single monetary unit on the payment network. 21 billion DigiBytes will be created over 21 years.
Block: A grouping of all transactions sent over the DigiByte network within a 30 second time frame. Think of a block as an excel spreadsheet that lists the address location of all DigiBytes at a given point in time in history. New DigiBytes are brought into circulation as each block is discovered on the network through a process called mining.
Mining: Mining is how transactions are processed on the network. Anyone can become a miner by donating and using their desktop, laptop or mobile phone computing power to help process transactions on the DigiByte network. DigiByte has made this process even easier with our 3 click mining software for beginners.
Blockchain: The DigiByte blockchain is the entire history of all blocks discovered on the network & therefore all transactions made on the network. Each block references the proceeding block all the way back to the beginning of the network to what is known as the genesis block. By linking blocks (spreadsheets) together an accurate, secure accounting of all up to date DigiByte ownership is made by decentralized consensus.
Absolute Security: Our number one priority will now and forever be network and user security.
Speedy Transactions: We strive to create the fastest possible decentralized transactions.
Worldwide Decentralization: Keep the network open, transparent and accessible at all times.
Ease of Use: Allow anyone to use and benefit from DigiByte in an easy to understand manner.
Flexible Innovation: Quickly improve, adapt and innovate as new technology and threats arise.
Security: DigiByte uses five highly advanced cryptographic algorithms.
Speed: DigiByte transaction notifications occur in 1-3 seconds, blocks are discovered every thirty seconds and transactions are fully confirmed every 3 minutes. Future planned upgrades will make these times even faster.
Fees: Most DigiByte to DigiByte transactions are free or carry a very small network-mining fee to incentivize people to mine.
Worldwide: DigiBytes are already stored, traded and transacted in over 89 countries.
Decentralization: There is no need for a middleman or third party or central server.
Re-Spend: Send DigiBytes you received to someone else in as little as three minutes.
Finite Production: New DigiBytes are added to the network every thirty seconds through a process called mining as each new block (or grouping of transactions in a spreadsheet like format) is discovered by the network.
Scarcity: 21 Billion DigiBytes will be created in 21 years.
1% Monthly New Minting Reduction: New DigiByte production decreases 1% every month.
Mining: DigiByte mining is decentralized with five independent, highly secure mining algorithms.
Adaptable, innovative & flexible: DigiByte is constantly adding new features & services to remain on the cutting edge of digital currency technology.
Committed Development: DigiByte has been under constant, progressive development for over one year now with core development team members from all over the world.
Millennial Acquisition Potential: DigiByte provides merchants, banks & other legacy institutions with a new means of acquiring & connecting with tech savvy millennial users.
A Bright Future: DigiByte has many new & exciting projects underway to be released throughout 2015 to increase DigiByte utility and new user adoption across the globe.
Total Coin Supply: 100000000
Total Coins Mined: 100000000.0
CryptoCompare: VERI 13495, FR: 411, P: 78, L: 127
Twitter: @ReggieMiddleton 24934, FR: 21610, FN: 588, L: 662, TW: 14512, FV: 76
Facebook: reggiemiddletonfintech 5250, TA: 43, L: 4820
Veritaseum is a smart contract-based wallet interface that allows anyone to create, enter and manage smart contracts without the need for any kind of intermediaries, middleman or centralized authority.
Veritaseum will allow users to interact with real-world products based completely on blockchain technology and smart contracts, including P2P value trading, P2P letters of credit and DAOs. VERI tokens will allow users to interact with the Veritaseum wallet interface.
Total Coins Mined: 44240318.644883372
CryptoCompare: PIVX 46475, FR: 1428, P: 283, L: 370
Website: Private Instant Verified Transaction
Twitter: @_pivx 52086, FR: 49150, FN: 1050, L: 587, TW: 1666, FV: 1519
Reddit: pivx 10702, SS: 6127, AU: 1498, PpD: 6.98, PpH: 0.29, CpD: 40.54, CpH: 1.69
Facebook: PIVXCrypto 12600, TA: 445, L: 8150
PIVX is a privacy focused cryptocurrency, currently in the PoS stage. PIVX uses the updated PoS 2.0 protocol and is based on Bitcoin core 0.10.x code base. It uses a network of masternodes for transparent decentralized governance and increased privacy.
Total Coin Supply: 125000000
Total Coins Mined: 97981284.0
CryptoCompare: ARK 42260, FR: 1452, P: 172, L: 166
Twitter: @ArkEcosystem 48809, FR: 45108, FN: 2748, L: 740, TW: 1074, FV: 1152
Reddit: ArkEcosystem 22917, SS: 17173, AU: 1570, PpD: 20.42, PpH: 0.85, CpD: 517.49, CpH: 21.56
Facebook: ArkEcosystem 10962, TA: 409, L: 6872
Ark is a cryptocurrency platform built on top an improved Delegated Proof of Stake (DPoS) system derived from Lisk, Crypti, and BitShares. It uses Smart Bridges to communicate with other (new and existing) blockchains to further increase its reach, providing a wider range of features in a single place.
Ark plans to stimulate cryptocurrency mass adoption by offering multiple consumer tools like a card network, game tokens, anonymous transactions, multi-signature accounts, and others. Adding more features and tools along the way.
Total Coin Supply: 105120000
Total Coins Mined: 56466225.0
CryptoCompare: MONA 14915, FR: 467, P: 90, L: 99
Monacoin is a peer-to-peer payment network and digital currency based on an open source protocol.
- 1.5 minute block targets
- subsidy halves in 1051k blocks (~3 years)
- 105,120,000 total coins
- 50 coins per block
- DigiShield difficulty algorithm
Total Coin Supply: 21000000
Total Coins Mined: 6485558.0
CryptoCompare: DCR 35755, FR: 1343, P: 60, L: 68
Twitter: decredproject 33973, FR: 30523, FN: 0, L: 690, TW: 767, FV: 1404
Reddit: decred 10457, SS: 5828, AU: 1513, PpD: 5.98, PpH: 0.25, CpD: 45.06, CpH: 1.88
Decred is an open, progressive, and self-funding cryptocurrency with a system of community-based governance integrated into its blockchain. At its core is a hybridized proof-of-work proof-of-stake (PoW/PoS) consensus system that aims to strike a balance between PoW miners and PoS voters to create a more robust notion of consensus. The project is a result of the theoretical proposals brought by proof-of-activity (PoA) and MC2 in 2013. Decred development started in April, 2014 with a single developer and expanded to include developers from btcsuite shortly thereafter.
Decred is built in the spirit of open participation and we have provided below a full disclosure of the technical features of the system, wallets and mining, initial funding and distribution, project governance and development, and a group contribution timeline.
Decred opted for a different funding model in an attempt to shift the risk carried by supporters to the developers of the project. Instead of asking interested parties to fund the development of the software, the developers decided to pool funds together and carry the project to completion before making it public. The consensus was that this is an ethical path given the realities of funding software development, due to the fact that the developers alone carry the risk of the project failing, whereas in the past potential users were expected to pay for coins before any code was written. We felt this was unjust.
The development of Decred was funded by Company 0 and from the pockets of its developers individually. The cost of developing the project, in terms of developer pay, totals to approximately USD 250,000, which Company 0 paid to developers. An additional amount of approximately USD 165,000 has been allocated for unpaid work and individual purchases by developers. We felt that the most equitable way to handle compensation for these expenses was to perform a small premine as part of the project launch. The model is unusual in that no developer received any amount of coins for free - all coins owned by developers will either be purchased at a rate of USD 0.49 per coin from their own pockets or exchanged for work performed at the same rate.
The premine consists of 8% of the total supply of 21 million coins, meaning the premine consists of 1.68 million coins. Rather than allocating the entire premine to the bring-up costs, we decided to split the premine equally between compensation for bring-up and an "airdrop", where we freely give an equal amount of coins to a number of airdrop participants. This means Company 0 and its developers will have put roughly USD 415,000 into the bring-up since April, 2014 and receive 4% of the total supply, 840,000 coins (at USD 0.49 per coin). The remaining 4% will be spread evenly across a list of airdrop participants as part of an effort to build the Decred network and decentralize its distribution. Coins held by Company 0 will be used to fund its ongoing work on open-source projects, such as Decred and btcsuite.
Giving away these coins in an airdrop allows us to accomplish several things at once for the project: enlarge the Decred network, further help decentralize the distribution of coins, and allow us to get coins into the hands of people who are interested in participating in the project. Decred is fundamentally about technological progress, so the airdrop will target individuals that have made contributions to advance technology in its various forms. The maximum number of airdrop participants is capped at 5,000 individuals, so we recommend registering sooner rather than later. These coins will be given away unconditionally and there is zero expectation of Decred receiving anything from you in return for these coins.
Sign up for the airdrop is currently open, but the airdrop registration will commence on January 4th, 2016. People who have been selected to participate in the airdrop will receive an email that contains a link to a web registration form. This form will require airdrop participants to enter an address to which their coins can be sent. Binaries and source code will be made available so that you can generate a wallet seed and an address for your airdrop coins. Once you have entered your receiving address into the airdrop webform and submitted it, you will receive your coins on the projected launch date.
In addition to the technical features that make up the technology, Decred as a project introduces several development and governance features and proposals to ensure and steer long-term growth. We encourage participants to discuss these topics earnestly, as we want to ensure the system of development and governance is built on a solid foundation.
- A multi-stakeholder development ecosystem that welcomes and empowers participants who want to build new functionality and improve on existing features.
- Any party can submit feature proposals and developers are paid for work to fulfill requirements. This is done in full view of the community in a system designed to fight against ingroup-outgroup dynamics.
- The initial contributors are the developers responsible for btcsuite (est. early 2013 - present).
- A proposal for a layered form of transparent meritocratic governance that extends beyond proof-of-work and proof-of-stake mechanisms to bring forward and represent insider and outsider voices in the community.
- A proposal for bottom-up decision-making through the Decred Assembly, an evolving and inclusive list of community members who make non-financial contributions to the project through their work and effort.
- The project is bound by the Decred Constitution on the core principles of finite issuance, privacy, security, fungibility, inclusivity, and progressive development of the technology that keeps these principles together.
The features below are implemented in Decred and will be available in full at launch. For a deeper description, please consult the Decred Technical Brief.
- Novel hybridized proof-of-work/proof-of-stake (PoW/PoS) consensus system - A decentralized lottery is used to select PoS miners to vote on PoW blocks. The PoW and PoS subsidies account for 60% and 30% of each total block subsidy, respectively. This system is based on that of MC2, which is very similar to, but developed independently from, Proof-of-Activity (PoA) by Iddo Bentov, Charles Lee, Alex Mizrahi and Meni Rosenfeld.
- Cold staking and decentralized stake pooling - The ability to generate new coins without the risk of having your coins online when PoS mining. The PoS mining system has also been engineered with distributed, decentralized stake pooling in mind, so that even those with small amounts of stake can participate in network validation.
- Internal voting system for the addition of new features and hard or soft fork selection - Both PoW and PoS miners can vote for features and issues through bit flags, providing a sensible mechanism for resolving disputes about the features of the blockchain.
- Immutable transaction hashes ("transaction IDs") by separating transaction signatures from the rest of the transaction data - A permanent fix for transaction hash malleability has been implemented that prevents mutability of the transaction hash by separating it from its input signatures. This allows more efficient SPV validation. Fraud proofs have also been added.
- Elliptic curve cryptography over secp256k1 with optional Curve25519 support - The Bitcoin scripting system has been modified to allow for simple, drop-in addition of new elliptical curve digital signature algorithms.
- Schnorr signatures with threshold n-of-n support - In addition to supporting Schnorr signatures, groups of signers can now jointly sign transactions off-chain in constant size signatures, ensuring higher privacy and less blockchain bloat.
- Script enhancements and new OP codes - New OP codes have been added to the existing Bitcoin scripting engine, and extensions for the plug-in use of future scripting engines have been added.
- PoW mining using BLAKE256 hash algorithm - Inspired by Bernstein's Chacha stream cipher, SHA3 finalist BLAKE256 offers speed as well as high security.
- Compatibility with Bitcoin transaction scripting system - Decred's scripting system has been derived from Bitcoin's with care in ensuring that all future updates to the Bitcoin transaction script will be easily extensible to Decred. Further, any newly created functionalities will also be devised with backwards compatibility with Bitcoin in mind.
- Modularized, easy-to-use Golang btcsuite codebase - Thanks the to the codebase inherited from btcsuite, adding new features to the daemon or wallet will be facile. Decred will episodically sync updates from btcsuite, so that it benefits from the latest developments in Bitcoin.
- Hierarchical deterministic (HD) wallets - Wallets use a seed to deterministically generate addresses, so your wallet can be restored from a single BIP0032 seed.
- Transaction expiration - Transactions have a new expiration field to prevent inclusion into the blockchain after a certain height.
- Patches for intrinsic Bitcoin bugs - Extra push for multisignature scripts has been removed, SIGHASH_SINGLE behavior has been corrected.
- Approximately 21 million coins - Exponential decay in subsidy or the number of coins generated per year.
- Self-funded development via block subsidy - In order to have an ongoing source of funding for development work, a consensus rule has been added to allocate 10% of each block subsidy to a development organization. This entity is transparent and responsible for funding development work performed by current and new developers so that the project remains sustainable without a funding dependence on outside forces in the future. Decred therefore improves with growth in a sustainable way and is accountable only to its users.
Total Coin Supply: 1000000000
Total Coins Mined: 1000000000.0
CryptoCompare: GNT 93695, FR: 3244, P: 311, L: 482
Website: Golem Network Token
Twitter: @golemproject 100280, FR: 93565, FN: 739, L: 1343, TW: 944, FV: 2790
Reddit: GolemProject 21183, SS: 16621, AU: 1496, PpD: 3.13, PpH: 0.13, CpD: 37.18, CpH: 1.55
Facebook: golemproject 14765, TA: 512, L: 9645
The Golem Network is a decentralized computation network. Using Golem users can buy or sell computational power from other users in a peer to peer environment. Golem is built using Ethereum smart contracts as a transaction system for nano-payments within the network. Golem Network Tokens (GNT) will serve as a secure medium for all transactions within the Golem Network.
Total Coin Supply: 120000000
Total Coins Mined: 120000000.0
CryptoCompare: SALT 23905, FR: 770, P: 113, L: 183
Website: Salt Lending
Twitter: @SaltLending 30366, FR: 28111, FN: 407, L: 451, TW: 441, FV: 310
Facebook: SALTLENDING 21867, TA: 1282, L: 9047
SALT is a membership based lending and borrowing network that allows users to leverage their blockchain assets to secure cash loans. The SALT Secured Automated Lending Technology is a protocol and asset agnostic architecture designed to adapt to the constantly growing class of blockchain assets.
The SALT Platform is automated and cryptographically secure. SALT is a lending platform specifically designed for blockchain assets; operating as a second layer protocol which sits atop any public or permissioned blockchain, allowing the underlying asset to be used as collateral for access to credit.
Total Coin Supply: 200000000
Total Coins Mined: 199013968.0
CryptoCompare: BNB 18295, FR: 613, P: 90, L: 72
Website: Binance Coin
Twitter: @binance_2017 248527, FR: 239902, FN: 1347, L: 1725, TW: 699, FV: 315
Reddit: binance 29502, SS: 19595, AU: 2925, PpD: 101.66, PpH: 4.24, CpD: 566.33, CpH: 23.60
Facebook: binanceexchange 137016, TA: 11317, L: 23846
The Binance Coin is an Ethereum-based token that allows users to receive a discount for any fees on the Binance platform, a pure cryptocurrency exchange that plans to create a decentralized exchange for blockchain assets. BNB also gives users access to special features and will be used to power the upcoming decentralized exchange.
Total Coin Supply: 6804870175
Total Coins Mined: 6804870174.8781691
CryptoCompare: SNT 28560, FR: 889, P: 163, L: 226
Website: Status Network Token
Twitter: @ethstatus 66911, FR: 62561, FN: 247, L: 870, TW: 593, FV: 1113
Facebook: ethstatus 14766, TA: 683, L: 7936
Status is an open source messaging platform and mobile browser that allows users to interact with decentralized applications (dApps) that run on the Ethereum Network. In Status, users own and control their own data, wealth and digital identity. The Status Network Token ('SNT') is an Ethereum-based token that is required to interact with the Status Network.
Total Coin Supply: 21000000000
Total Coins Mined: 5195262064.0
CryptoCompare: ETN 58460, FR: 1683, P: 349, L: 766
Twitter: @electroneum 64621, FR: 63016, FN: 197, L: 321, TW: 658, FV: 262
Facebook: electroneum 195624, TA: 10089, L: 94734
Electroneum is the first cryptocurrency that is designed around mobile ubiquity.
Total Coin Supply: 205218255.9485
Total Coins Mined: 205218255.94857776
CryptoCompare: PAY 51320, FR: 1634, P: 254, L: 412
Twitter: @tenxwallet 102826, FR: 97320, FN: 57, L: 1101, TW: 1343, FV: 1065
Reddit: TenX 16845, SS: 11382, AU: 1756, PpD: 11.13, PpH: 0.46, CpD: 97.81, CpH: 4.08
Facebook: tenxwallet 50079, TA: 2313, L: 26949
TenX is a blockchain-based service that focuses on providing user access to a large range of blockchain assets with convenience and security. TenX offers a debit card and accompanying mobile wallet that can be funded with any blockchain asset. The TenX card can be used in almost 200 countries at over 36 million points of acceptance. The TenX token, PAY, allows users to "own" part of the TenX system, as for every transaction made with the wallet, the token holder receives rewards in Ether.
Total Coin Supply: 1000000
Total Coins Mined: 645222.0
CryptoCompare: GBYTE 12380, FR: 327, P: 153, L: 38
Twitter: @ByteballOrg 13162, FR: 11512, FN: 0, L: 330, TW: 235, FV: 63
Facebook: byteball.org 1322, TA: 60, L: 722
Byteball is a decentralized database with it's own native cryptocurrency, Bytes, that unlike most does not require PoW or PoS mining and does not have a blockchain nor blocks. Instead, Byteball links transactions by signing the hashes from the previous transactions on the new one. These links between transactions form a DAG (Directed Acyclic Graph). Since Byteball has no blocks, there is no block size issue.
Byteball can be used as a means to transfer value between users in a transaction, either with Bytes or assets that can be issued on the network or as a decentralized data base that allows users to store information within it. Byteball's currency, Bytes, are used to pay transaction fees in this network. Transactions can be meant to exchange value or to store any type of data. The transaction fees (Bytes) are relative to the Bytes used in the transaction, so if a transaction uses 500 Bytes, that's the tx fee that will be charged. This system gives the currency intrinsic value, each Byte is worth a byte of information that is stored on the network, which alows the system to scale according to its use.
1 GBYTE equals 1000000000 BYTES
Total Coin Supply: 452552412
Total Coins Mined: 452552412.0
CryptoCompare: MAID 29225, FR: 1091, P: 60, L: 45
Website: MaidSafe Coin
Twitter: @maidsafe 53475, FR: 48673, FN: 321, L: 960, TW: 2983, FV: 1451
Reddit: maidsafe 8820, SS: 4489, AU: 1434, PpD: 1.00, PpH: 0.04, CpD: 14.83, CpH: 0.62
MaidSafe is a fully decentralized platform on which application developers can build decentralized applications. The network is made up by individual users who contribute storage, computing power and bandwidth to form a world-wide autonomous system.
Safecoin can only reside within the SAFE network and will be stored in a users wallet and used in exchange for network services; such as increased storage space and access to network applications. There is no set distribution time for safecoins. Unlike many currencies, the distribution of safecoin is backed by information and the amount of coins generated by the SAFE network is directly related to the amount of resource provided to it.
The SAFE (Secure Access for Everyone) network can be best described as a fully distributed data management service. This network manages static and dynamic data as well as communications. Importantly the data held is either :
- Encrypted by clients
- Cryptographically signed by clients
In either case the network cannot decrypt any of the data on the network. This can be thought of as a decentralized server that performs the tasks of today's httpd, ssh, scp, ftp, smtp, pop3, imap etc. servers.
The SAFE network is made up of unused hard drive space, CPU and communications capabilities of commodity computers. These computers are likely owned by the very users of the system, but need not be limited to that. Each computer will effectively mine for credits which can be traded for many other goods and services. These credits are called safecoin.
Client applications can access, store, mutate and communicate on the network. The clients allow people to anonymously join the network and cannot prevent people joining. Data is presented to clients as virtual drives mounted on their machines, application data, internal to applications, communication data as well as dynamic data that is manipulated via client applications depending on the programming methods employed.
Examples of client apps are; cloud storage, encrypted messaging, web sites, crypto wallets, document processing of any data provided by any program, distributed databases, research sharing of documents, research and ideas with IPR protection if required, document signing, contract signing, decentralized co-operative groups or companies, trading mechanisms and many others. The clients can access every Internet service known today and introduce many services currently not possible with a centralised architecture.
These clients, when accessing the network, will ensure that users never type another password to access any further services. The client contains many cryptographically secured key pairs and can use these automatically sign requests for session management or membership of any network service. Therefore, a website with membership can present a join button and merely clicking that would sign an authority and allow access in the future. Digital voting, aggregated news, knowledge transfer of even very secret information is now all possible, and this is just the beginning!
Total Coin Supply: 1000000000
Total Coins Mined: 1000000000.0
CryptoCompare: POWR 40315, FR: 1133, P: 310, L: 424
Website: Power Ledger
Twitter: @PowerLedger_io 54759, FR: 51956, FN: 3011, L: 560, TW: 3180, FV: 1953
Facebook: powerledger 37190, TA: 2077, L: 16420
Power Ledger is a decentralized energy exchange platform. It incorporates energy applications, such as a P2P energy trading application that allows businesses to host trading on the platform. This technology enables the sale of surplus renewable energy generated at residential and commercial developments (including multi-unit/multi-tenanted) connected to existing electricity distribution networks, or within micro-grids.
POWR is an Ethereum-based token that fuels the Power Ledger Ecosystem. POWR tokens serve as access permisson tokens, allowing the Application Hosts and their consumers to gain access to the P2P trading features and other Power Ledger applications. To synchronize the ecosystem globally and create cross-market electricity compatibility, a second token, Sparkz, is used in Power Ledger's ecosystem transactions. Applications Hosts may convert their POWR tokens to Sparks when the ecosystem has been accessed.
Total Coin Supply: 84000000
Total Coins Mined: 42243325.0
CryptoCompare: VTC 59030, FR: 1921, P: 297, L: 358
Twitter: @Vertcoin 74079, FR: 70658, FN: 83, L: 684, TW: 1045, FV: 1678
Reddit: vertcoin 37866, SS: 30370, AU: 1922, PpD: 40.18, PpH: 1.67, CpD: 865.47, CpH: 36.06
Facebook: vertcoin 15047, TA: 665, L: 8397
VertCoin (VTC) is a cryptographic currency, similar to Bitcoin and Litecoin, with one major difference - Vertcoin believes that everyone who has personal computer should be able to join the Vertcoin network.
VertCoin is a Litecoin Fork, that in turn is a Bitcoin Fork.
Vertcoin is also the first cryptocurrency to implement Stealth Addresses, a new technology for providing privacy on the public ledger.
Total Coin Supply: 9677664
Total Coins Mined: 9137582.0
CryptoCompare: GAS 15340, FR: 550, P: 48, L: 39
Twitter: @neo_blockchain 201820, FR: 193280, FN: 2220, L: 1708, TW: 489, FV: 650
Reddit: NEO 67621, SS: 54736, AU: 3799, PpD: 20.65, PpH: 0.86, CpD: 744.38, CpH: 31.02
Facebook: NEOSmartEcon 25804, TA: 1079, L: 15014
There are two built-in system assets: NEO and GAS. NEO represent the ownership of the blockchain, which is used for electoral accounting, to obtain GAS dividends, etc. GAS represents the right to use the blockchain, and are used to pay fees of various systems on the chain.
Total Coins Mined: 1008770965.1719757
CryptoCompare: BAY 8665, FR: 275, P: 56, L: 39
Twitter: @BitBayMarket 811, FR: 726, FN: 239, L: 17, TW: 237, FV: 197
BitBay is a Proof of Stake cryptocurrency with a 1% APY in staking rewards. BitBay provides many additional tools like smart-contract capabilities, an in-wallet decentralized e-commerce platform, "Pay-to-Email" transactions, asset pegging and more.
Total Coin Supply: 10000000
Total Coins Mined: 10000000.0
CryptoCompare: GNO 20895, FR: 742, P: 63, L: 77
Twitter: @gnosisPM 51947, FR: 48197, FN: 14, L: 750, TW: 478, FV: 548
Reddit: gnosisPM 6086, SS: 1750, AU: 1445, PpD: 0.40, PpH: 0.02, CpD: 0.67, CpH: 0.03
Facebook: Gnosis.pm 3865, TA: 69, L: 3175
Gnosis is a decentralized prediction market built on the Ethereum protocol. Gnosis provides an open platform for anyone to predict the outcome of any event and plans to drastically simplify the creation of customized prediction market applications. GNO is an Ethereum-based token that is used to incentivize long-term participation in the Gnosis platform.
Total Coin Supply: 31587682.3632061
Total Coins Mined: 31587682.3632061
CryptoCompare: MCO 28310, FR: 894, P: 146, L: 231
Twitter: @monaco_card 50126, FR: 47316, FN: 34, L: 562, TW: 281, FV: 107
Facebook: MonacoCardOfficial 3989, TA: 50, L: 3489
The functionality of Monaco VISA® Card makes it a must-have item not only for every Ether or Bitcoin holder, but also for everyone who spends money in foreign currency.
- Spend your Ether or Bitcoin with a physical Monaco VISA® Card, wherever VISA® cards are accepted, both online & offline
- Only the exact amount that you spend with your Monaco VISA® Card will be incrementally exchanged from ETH/BTC in real-time when you swipe your card, with rest being securely stored in your wallet to which only you have access
- Exchange money at perfect interbank exchange rates using Monaco App
- Enjoy the same perfect interbank rates whenever you spend on Monaco VISA® Card
- Sending money between Monaco App users is free & real-time, with the money being instantly available for the recipient on their Monaco VISA® Card - Customer onboarding can be done entirely via the mobile App – a process taking less than 3 minutes
Total Coin Supply: 299792458
Total Coins Mined: 216246406.39999941
Net Hashes Per Second: 127876566204.98
CryptoCompare: EMC2 27150, FR: 673, P: 305, L: 270
The Einsteinium Foundation's goal is to raise capital for leading scientific research. EMC2 is a means for doing so and is built with the same idea in mind as TakeiCoin or OrbitCoin. A Scrypt coin using the Kimoto gravity well with a 50% block reduction and a 60 second block time.
Total Coin Supply: 110000000
Total Coins Mined: 110000000.0
CryptoCompare: FRST 2385, FR: 84, P: 7, L: 11
FirstCoin is a Proof of Work/Proof of Stake cryptocurrency with a high premine. It uses the Scrypt algorithm.
Total Coin Supply: 132046997
Total Coins Mined: 132046997.0
CryptoCompare: EDG 6985, FR: 241, P: 30, L: 21
Twitter: @edgelessproject 33268, FR: 31023, FN: 131, L: 449, TW: 459, FV: 303
Reddit: Edgeless 1773, SS: 1545, AU: 75, PpD: 0.94, PpH: 0.04, CpD: 1.56, CpH: 0.07
Edgeless is an equity-based token that represents ownership in the profits of the Edgless casino, a decentralized online gaming platform based on Ethereum smart contracts that offers users a low to non-existent edge in games.
Total Coin Supply: 78000000
Total Coins Mined: 54789106.0
CryptoCompare: NXS 11835, FR: 406, P: 53, L: 36
Twitter: @NxsEarth 15398, FR: 13468, FN: 52, L: 386, TW: 933, FV: 695
Nexus is an innovative crypto currency - the coin runs off its own algorithm and has a well though through infrastructure that takes it beyond bitcoin and other 1 st generation crypto currencies - it has a checks and balances system for sending coins - where transactions can be retrieved if sent to a wrong address. The proof of stake rate is 2% up to a coin cap of 78 million.
Total Coin Supply: 600000000
Total Coins Mined: 592000000.0
CryptoCompare: SUB 17440, FR: 612, P: 60, L: 64
Website: Substratum Network
Twitter: @SubstratumNet 107588, FR: 106038, FN: 15, L: 310, TW: 846, FV: 3340
Reddit: SubstratumNetwork 8512, SS: 7335, AU: 280, PpD: 18.76, PpH: 0.78, CpD: 168.82, CpH: 7.03
Substratum is developing an open-source foundation for the decentralized web, providing free and unrestricted access to content for a new Web 3.0.
The Substratum Network is a worldwide collection of nodes that uses industry-leading cryptography to deliver secure content anywhere, all without the need for VPNs or Tor. Substratum wants to revolutionize the hosting industry with per-request billing via micro transactions, all handled by blockchain technology and artificial intelligence.
Total Coin Supply: 0
Total Coins Mined: 62254415.564780287
CryptoCompare: NAV 19920, FR: 676, P: 80, L: 102
Twitter: @NavCoin 41211, FR: 38330, FN: 547, L: 576, TW: 1528, FV: 910
Facebook: NAVCoin 10301, TA: 557, L: 4731
NavCoin (NAV) is a privacy-driven PoW/PoS hybrid cryptocurrency. NAV uses the x13 hashing algorithm. NavCoin's encryption software disconnects and randomises the transaction data, removing it even from an IP address. NavCoin uses a subchain to process anonymous transactions.
Total Coin Supply: 424999998
Total Coins Mined: 424999998.0
CryptoCompare: STORJ 13250, FR: 474, P: 40, L: 40
Twitter: @storjproject 71017, FR: 64685, FN: 3610, L: 1266, TW: 2187, FV: 2985
Reddit: storj 10132, SS: 5409, AU: 1554, PpD: 3.91, PpH: 0.16, CpD: 30.51, CpH: 1.27
Facebook: storjproject 7984, TA: 134, L: 6644
Storj is a decentralized cloud storage platform that allows anyone to rent their idle hard drive space and to earn a revenue by doing so. Endusers can use Storj to store their files at competitive prices and within a p2p network that is secure from sever downtime, censorship and hacks. Payments within the Sotrj network and conducted with the STORJ token, an ERC20 Ethereum-based token.
Total Coin Supply: 58850550.4633
Total Coins Mined: 58521520.555839486
CryptoCompare: STX 8730, FR: 296, P: 34, L: 48
Twitter: @stx_coin 9369, FR: 8634, FN: 62, L: 147, TW: 289, FV: 459
Reddit: STOX 1145, SS: 1017, AU: 42, PpD: 0.76, PpH: 0.03, CpD: 1.0, CpH: 0.04
Stox is an open source, Ethereum based prediction market platform that leverages the concept of the wisdom of the crowd. It allows users to trade the outcome of upcoming events in multiple categories, including finance, sports, politics and more.